Among the several maladies and injuries that a sportsperson is susceptible to, viral is one. This does not require a physical for of an attack but happens in the most subtle of manner. More often than not, it happens with a personís knowledge, though his habits or schedules. Sometimes there is a possibility of a viral attack.
Generally, itís the sportsperson or athleteís urge to perform better that makes him vulnerable to viral illness.
The following are some of he reasons for an individualís body losing immunity and thus becoming vulnerable to viral illness
An imbalance in excess training and inadequate leads to decline in performance. Overtraining can best be defined as the state where the athlete has been repeatedly stressed by training to the point where rest is no longer adequate to allow for recovery. Overtraining is marked by cumulative exhaustion that persists even after recovery periods.
The most common symptom is fatigue. This may limit workouts and may be present at rest. The athlete may also become moody, easily irritated, have altered sleep patterns, become depressed, or lose the competitive desire and enthusiasm for the sport.
Some will report decreased appetite and weight loss. Physical symptoms include persistent muscular soreness, increased frequency of viral illnesses, and increased incidence of injuries.
The treatment for the overtraining syndrome is rest. The longer the overtraining has occurred the more rest required. Therefore, early detection is very important. If the overtraining has only occurred for a short period of time (e.g., 3 - 4 weeks) then interrupting training for 3 - 5 days is usually sufficient rest.
It is rest that makes you stronger. During recovery periods these systems build to greater levels to compensate for the stress that you have applied. The result is that you are now at a higher level of performance.
This adaptation is in response to maximal loading of the cardiovascular and muscular systems and is accomplished by improving efficiency of the heart, increasing capillaries in the muscles, and increasing glycogen stores and mitochondrial enzyme systems within the muscle cells